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Tuesday, 13 September 2011

Regency food and list by the month of what was available

Regency food

Food tended to be much on the table at once rather than formalised courses but there were some dishes that were removed; for example a soup or fish dish might be removed with a saddle of mutton and some closed pies, the meat and pies brought in when the soup tureen and fish dish was taken out to make room for more. Sweet dishes might be on the table with the savouries. A remove was not another course and the vegetables and side dishes would remain. As can be seen by the two course meal – a small feast to our eyes – there was no apparent order in which sweet or savoury might be served.

Some meal exemplars given by Mrs Rundell:
First example:
Scrag of veal smothered in onions removed with a fruit pie
Mashed potatoes trimmed with small slices of bacon
Pea soup
Broccoli
Second example:
Half a calf’s head grilled removed with pie or pudding
Tongue and brains
Carrot soup
Bacon with greens round it
Saddle of mutton
Third example including two courses:
First course:
Broiled Salmon removed with chine of pork
Stewed spinach
Mince pies
Pea soup
Oxford dumplings
Pease pudding
Fillet of Veal
Potatoes and mashed turnips on side table
Second course
Ragout of palates
Orange fool
Potted beef
Curd star with whip
Collared eel
Stewed pears
Pheasant
Bread sauce on side table

Food available by month
From John Farley’s London Cookery 1811; notes in italics are mine
Some of the fruit seem a little odd; I can only conclude that the seasons have shifted slightly permitting things to be in season earlier than we should find them today; though I puzzle over how apples appear in every month. Possible a store was supposed to last all summer, though I’d think they’d be pretty wrinkled.

January
Fish - Cod, crawfish, eels, lampreys, perch, tench, carp, sturgeon, skate, thornback, turbot, plaice, flounders, soles, oysters, prawns, crabs, lobsters, smelts, and whitings.
Vegetables Spinach, purple and white broccoli sprouts, coleworts[kale], savoys, cabbages, celery, endive, chervil, sorrel, parsley, beets, cardoons[artichoke thistle], tarragon, turnips, radish, rape, mustard, cresses, lettuces, hyssop, pot-marjoram, savory, thyme, cucumbers from the hot-houses, mint, skirrets[water parsnip], scorzonora[black salsify], potatoes, turnips, carrots, parsnips, sage, asparagus, Jerusalem artichokes, and mushrooms.
Meat Pullets, fowls, chickens, tame pigeons, capons, turkeys, snipes, woodcocks, rabbits, hares, partridges, and pheasants. Beef, Mutton, Veal, house-lamb, pork
Fruit Pears, apples, nuts, almonds, medlars, services[Rowan] and grapes

February
Fish Thornback, turbot, flounders, plaice, sturgeons soles, cod, prawns, oysters, crabs, lobsters, smelts, whitings, skate, crawfish, lampreys, eels, carp, tench, and perch.
Vegetables Coleworts, savoys, cabbages, cresses, lettuces, chard-beets, celery, sorrel, endive, chervil, paisley, cardoons, purple and white broccoli, sprouts, marjoram, savory, thyme, tansey, burnet, mint, tarragon, turnips, radishes, rape and mustard. Also may be had, forced radishes, cucumbers, kidney-beans, and asparagus.
Meat Fowls, pullets, capons, turkeys, chickens, pigeons, tame rabbits, hares, snipes, woodcocks, partridges, and pheasants. Beef, mutton, veal, house-lamb, pork
Fruit Pears, apples and grapes

March
Fish Tench, carp, mullets, eels, whitings, soles, skate, thornback, turbot, lobsters, flounders, plaice, prawns, crawfish, and crabs
Vegetables Spinach, savoys, cabbages, borecole, coleworts, shalots, garlick, onions, Jerusalem artichokes, parsnips, turnips, carrots, mustard, cresses, chives, lettuces, mushrooms, tansey, endive, celery, fennel, parsley, beets, cardoons, brocoli, kidney-beans, cucumbers, hyssop, pot-marjoram, winter savory, thyme, burnet, mint, tarragon, turnips, rape, and radishes
Meat Tame rabbits, pigeons, ducklings, chickens, fowls, capons, pullets, and turkeys. Beef, mutton, veal, house-lamb, pork
Fruit pears, apples and forced strawberries

April
Fish Crawfish, trout, tench, chub, carp, mullets, skate, soles, turbot, salmon, prawns, lobsters, crabs, and smelts.
Vegetables Broccoli, sprouts, coleworts, chervil, parsley, fennel, spinach, radishes, tarragon, burnet, sorrel, endive, celery, young onions, lettuces, thyme, and all sorts of salads and pot-herbs.
Meat Chickens, fowls, pullets, pigeons, ducklings, leverets, and rabbits, beef, mutton, veal, grass-lamb
Fruit pears, apples, forced cherries and apricots for tarts

May
Fish Chub, trout, eels, tench, carp, smelts, turbots, soles, salmon, prawns, crabs, crawfish, and lobsters.
Vegetables Spinach, artichokes, cauliflowers, early cabbages, radishes, turnips, carrots, early potatoes, parsley, sorrel, thyme, mustard, cresses, lettuces, fennel, purslane, mint, balm, cucumbers, tarragon, asparagus, kidney-beans, beans, peas, and all sorts of small salads and savoury herbs.
Meat Chickens, fowls, pullets, turkey poults, ducklings, green geese[under 4 months old], leverets, and rabbits. Beef, mutton, veal, grass-lamb
Fruit pears, apples, strawberries, melons, green apricots, cherries, gooseberries and currents for tarts

June
Fish Eels, pike, tench, carp, trout, mackerel, mullets, turbot, soles, salmon, smelts, lobsters, crawfish, and prawns.
Vegetables Peas, beans, onions, radishes, parsnips, potatoes, turnips, cauliflowers, purslane, parsley, spinach, lettuces, cucumbers, artichokes, kidney-beans, asparagus, rape, cresses, thyme, and all sorts of small salads, and pot-herbs.
Meat Green geese, chickens, pullets, fowls, plovers, turkey poults, ducklings, wheatears, leverets, and rabbits. Beef, mutton, veal, grass-lamb, buck venison.
Fruit currants, gooseberries, strawberries, cherries, peaches, pears, apples, apricots, melons, grapes, nectarines, pineapples

July
Fish Mackerel, mullets, haddocks, cod, flounders, plaice, soles, carp, salmon, skate, thornback, pike, tench, lobsters, eels, crawfish, and prawns.
Vegetables Cauliflowers, mushrooms, salsify, scorzonera, ro-combole, garlick, onions, radishes, potatoes, turnips, carrots, cresses, lettuce, purslane, sorrel, chervil, finochia, endive, celery, artichokes, sprouts, cabbages, kidney-beans, beans, peas, mint, balm, thyme, and all sorts of small s alads and pot herbs.
Meat Green geese, pigeons, chickens, fowls, pullets, ducklings, ducks, turkey-poults, leverets, rabbits, plovers, wheatears. Beef, mutton, veal, grass-lamb, buck venison
Fruit peaches, cherries, apples, pears, gooseberries, apricots, plums, nectarines, melons, raspberries, strawberries, pineapples

August
Fish Thornbacks, skate, plaice, flounders, haddocks, cod, carp, pike, mackerel, mullets, oysters', prawns, crawfish, eels, and lobsters.
Vegetables Radishes, potatoes, turnips, carrots, peas, salsify, scorzonera, shallots, garlick, onions, endive, celery, beets, sprouts, cauliflowers, cabbages, artichokes, mushrooms, beans, kidney-beans, lettuce, finochia[fennel], parsley, marjoram, savory, thyme, and all sorts of small salads and sweet herbs.
Meat Turkey-poults, green geese, chickens, fowls, pullets, pigeons, rabbits, leverets, ducklings, plovers, wheatears, and wild-ducks, beef, mutton, veal, grass-lamb, buck venison
Fruit apples, cherries, plums, nectarines, peaches, mulberries, filberts, figs, grapes, pears, currants, gooseberries, strawberries, melons, pineapples

September
Fish Thornbacks, plaice, flounders, haddocks, cod, carp, salmon, smelts, soles, skate, herrings, oysters, lobsters, pike, and tench.
Vegetables Beans, peas, salsify, scorzonera, garlic, leeks, onions, shallots, potatoes, turnips, carrots, parsley, celery, endive, cardoons, cauliflowers, sprouts, cabbages, artichokes, mushrooms, kidney-beans, finochia, chervil, sorrel, beets, lettuces, and all sorts of small salads and soup-herbs.
Meat Ducks, chickens, fowls, pullets, turkeys, geese, larks, pigeons, teal, rabbits, hares, and partridges. Beef, mutton, veal, grass-lamb, pork, buck venison.
Fruit walnuts, grapes, pears, apples, plums, peaches, lazaroles [Neapolitan Medlar], quinces, medlars, hazelnuts, filberts, morello cherries, currants, melons, pineapples

October
Fish Brills, smelts, bearbet, holoberts[halibut?], dorees, perch, tenchcarp, pike,herrings, gudgeons, oysters, muscles, cockles, lobsters, and salmon-trout.
Vegetables Salsify, skirrets, potatoes, turnips, parsnips, car rots, artichokes, cauliflowers, sprouts, cabbages, finochia, chervil, cardoons, endive, celery, rocombole[a form of garlic], garlic, shallots, leeks, scorzonera, chard-beets, thyme, savoury, lettuce, and all sorts of young salads and pot-herbs.
Meat Chickens, fowls, pullets, pigeons, turkeys, geese, snipes, woodcocks, widgeons, teals, wild-ducks, rabbits, hares, larks, dotterels, partridges, and pheasants. Beef, mutton, veal, grass-lamb, pork, doe venison.
Fruit services, medlars, figs, peaches, grapes, walnuts, black and white bullace, pears, quinces, filberts, hazelnuts, apples

November
Fish Salmon, bearbet, holoberts,- dorees, gurnets, tench, pike, carp, smelts, salmon, herrings, trout, muscles, cockles, gudgeons, lobsters, and oysters
Vegetables Rocombole, shalots, leeks, onions, scorzonera, salsify, skirrets, potatoes, parsnips, turnips, carrots, parsley, cardoons, chard-beets, spinach, cole worts, sprouts, savoys, cauliflowers, cabbages, Jerusalem artichokes, cresses, endive, chervil, lettuces, and all sorts of small salads and pot-herbs.
Meat Pigeons, pullets, chickens, fowls, turkeys, geese, larks, snipes, woodcocks, teals, widgeons, wild-ducks, rabbits, hares, dotterels, partridges, and pheasants. Beef, mutton, veal, house-lamb, pork, doe venison.
Fruit  pears, apples, bullace, walnuts, hazelnuts, chestnuts, medlars, services, grapes

December
Fish Bearbet, holoberts, dorees, sturgeon, gurnets, turbot, carp, soles, codlings, cod, smelts, oysters, muscles, cockles, eels, and gudgeons.
Vegetables Turnips, parsnips, carrots, purple and white brocoli, savoys, cabbages, shalots, onions, leeks, salsify, scorzonera, skirrets, potatoes, parsley, spinach, beets, endive, celery, rocombole, garlic, forced asparagus, cardoons, cresses, lettuces, thyme, and all sorts of small salads and pot-herbs.
Meat Fowls, capons, pigeons, pullets, turkeys, geese, larks, snipes, woodcocks, rabbits, hares, chickens, dotterels, widgeons, teals, wild-ducks, partridges, and pheasants. Beef, mutton, veal, house-lamb, pork, doe venison.
Fruit pears, apples, medlars, walnuts, chestnuts, services, hazelnuts, grapes.

1 comment:

  1. Sarah strikes again. You make my life so much easier. Thanks for posting this.

    -theRedRobin

    ReplyDelete